About Aberdeen Cattle

FAQ's

Size

  • Full Blood Aberdeen bulls are big enough to cover commercial cows.
  • Mature American Aberdeen bulls will generally fall into a range of 45-48 inches measured at the hip and weigh from 1,300 to 1,600 pounds.
  • Mature cows generally measure from 42-46 inches at the hip and weigh between 900 and 1,100 pounds.
  • The American Aberdeen Moderator® and Aberdeen Plus cow, with an average weight of 1,100 pounds, requires 27 percent less feed than a 1,500 pound cow and will wean more pounds of calf per acre.
  • A 1,500 pound cow eats 3 percent of her body weight = 45 pounds. An 1100 pound cow eats 3 percent of her body weight = 33 pounds.
  • For years, U.S. registered and commercial cattle have been bred bigger, less efficient and with less muscle. The result has been higher input costs per cow and reduced stocking rates, while national average weaning weights have stayed the same or gone down for the last 24 years.
  • In a commercial environment, larger cows wean fewer pounds as a percentage of their body weight
  • For every 100 pounds of additional cow weight, cow maintenance costs go up $42
  • Cows that produce more milk have higher year-long maintenance costs
  • American Aberdeen cattle are smaller than most commercial cattleman are accustomed to, but when crossed with most breeds the resulting offspring hit an efficient, commercially-desirable size without sacrificing muscling.
  • NDSU Dickinson Research data show that American Aberdeen cross cows increased weaning weight per acre by 37 percent.
  • The Aberdeen Plus, Moderator and Moderator Plus® programs provide American Aberdeen breeders options for breeding cattle to fit their buyers’ needs.

Calving

  • Commercial heifers bred to Full Blood American Aberdeen bulls calve easily and breed back quickly, reducing the calving interval.

Finishing and Carcass

  • Aberdeen carcasses possess excellent beef characteristics of taste, texture and tenderness as well as exceptional ribeye area per hundred pounds of body weight, which translates to very high-yielding, high-quality, high-value beef carcasses.
  • Muscle fibers are smaller, making the beef more tender than other breeds.
  • American Aberdeen Moderator and Aberdeen Plus are well suited to grass-fed production as they are easy fleshing and will finish on native and improved pastures, producing high value carcasses with minimum input costs.
  • The NDSU Dickinson Research Center has 15 years of data showing that F1 Moderator cattle hit commercial specification for carcass, including CAB. F1 steers finished in the feedlot at 1250 to 1350 pounds.

Heat Tolerance and Adaptability

  • The American Aberdeen are the original Angus. They adapt to hot and extremely cold climates much like any of the British breeds.

Pedigree and Genetic Defects

  • The original herd was developed at the Trangie Research Center in New South Wales, Australia. Animal Scientists began with a herd of registered Aberdeen Angus cattle, purchased in 1929 from Canada, that were carefully selected for efficiency and smaller frames. The end result was a breed of small, black, polled cattle of pure Aberdeen Angus descent.
  • The American Aberdeen focus is back to the basics…efficiency, quality, phenotype, longevity, and carcass. EPDs fail to take into account many of the breed’s benefits.
  • All cattle registered with the American Aberdeen Association trace their ancestry back to the Trangie Research Center and to the original Angus purchased from Canada.
  • American Aberdeen Cattle are free of known genetic defects, including the dwarf gene.

Registration Classifications:

Full Blood

100% Aberdeen cattle—these cattle trace back to the Trangie Research Center and the original Angus purchased from Canada.

Aberdeen Plus

Percentage cattle (25%-87.5%)—Percentage cattle with the non-Aberdeen portion coming from registered American Angus or American Red Angus. The member must supply the registered, genetic defect-free pedigree and appropriate fee to enter the foundation animal into the Aberdeen Plus registry. The submitting member must be the recorded owner of the female at the time the calf was born. A flush report is required for all embryo transplant calves. Multi-generational cattle are accepted as long as the breed and percentage criteria are met. Either the sire or dam (or both) of the first generation Aberdeen Plus must be registered with the American Aberdeen Association.

Moderator

Percentage cattle (50%-87.499%)—both sire and dam of a Moderator® must be registered with the American Aberdeen Association. Moderator shall be added to registration papers for these animals.

Moderator Plus

Percentage cattle (25% to 50%)—Aberdeen genetics on at least one side of the pedigree, and must be registered with the American Aberdeen Association. Either the sire or dam (or both) of a Moderator Plus® must be registered with the American Aberdeen Association. Moderator Plus shall be added to registration papers for these animals.